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Basic landscape design elements for you Garden

Would you like to add curb appeal? Dreaming about landscaping a garden in your backyard? Don’t know where to start? You’re not alone. There’s a lot more involved in landscaping a garden than putting plants in the ground.

Unless you are a landscape architect or landscape designer you’re probably a little uncertain as to how to plan your garden, what types of plants to use, a proper color scheme to compliment your home, and how to create a show stopper design. Hopefully this article will help take some of the fear away and give you confidence as you create your new garden.

To help you understand the key elements that go into a successful landscape, including hardscape and softscape,you need to consider the following five elements:

Basic landscape design elements

Color, as defined by color theory. To show how color theory is used in landscape design the spectrum is often divided into four categories:

  • Primary: reds, yellows, and blues
  • Secondary: greens, violets (purples) and oranges
  • Tertiary: mixtures of the primary and secondary categories
  • Neutral: white, grays and silvers

Proper application of the color theory will influence the mood of your yard. For example, blues tend to be calming and relaxing and are excellent choices for a meditation garden. Warm colors add excitement to your garden.

A color wheel is a great tool when deciding what colors to use. The wheel is divided into slices that represent various color hues. You can use the wheel to select adjacent colors in the spectrum for unity, or you can choose colors directly across from each other on the wheel to add contrast. A great way to achieve unity in your garden would be to match warm colors such as reds, oranges, and yellows, or all cool colors such as greens, blues, and purples. A complimentary color scheme should also be considered against the color of your home or other structures; plants with green foliage against a red brick house for example is a great example of complimentary colors.

Color schemes are also an important factor for planning for changing seasons so you’ll want to make sure your landscape designer considers color changes throughout the year when developing your garden plan.

Colors can also be used to visually alter distance perspective. Warm colors advance an object or area toward to observer. Warm colors placed near the foundation of a house would make the house appear closer to the street. Cool colors and deep shades recede and can be used to make a house appear farther from the street.

Form; the shape of the plant whether it is oval, columnar, spreading, broad spreading, upright, or weeping are examples of form. It is basically the shape and structure of a plant or mass of plants. Stuctures also have form so you’ll need to take this into account while designing the area around them.

Line; the arrangement of plants and their borders. Line is related to eye movement or flow. Curvy or free flowing lines are gentle and graceful and create a relaxing natural feeling.

Scale; the size of an object or objects in relation to surrounding plants or structures. Where size refers to definite measurements, scale describes the size relationship between adjacent objects.

Texture; the surface quality of an object that can be seen or touched. Surfaces in your garden can include buildings, walkways, patio’s or decks, groundcovers and plants. The texture of plants will differ between leaves, twigs and branches from coarse, medium or fine to smooth, rough, dull or glossy.

These five elements must be part of your landscape garden plan to ensure a beautiful garden that you can enjoy for years. Without proper planning you may end up with a mishmash garden that could take away from the beauty of your home and property.

Other considerations:

Themes; revolve around a specific subject. Any garden style can have its own theme.

The best thing you could do would be to hire a landscape contractor and get it right the first time or you could be throwing money down the drain by buying the wrong plants.

Styles; are another consideration you’ll need to consider. The style of your home should be an important influencing factor of how you create your theme or style. Examples of styles are formal, informal, Spanish, English, or Victorian.

As you can see, there is a lot involved when planning your landscape garden. The best way to ensure creating the garden of your dreams is to hire a landscape contractor and get it right the first time. Then, all you’ll be required to do is relax and enjoy the beauty.



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